Overround in sports betting: what is it?

Just as in online poker there is a small percentage of the bets placed that the house keeps and that is called rake, in sports betting there is also a margin that acts as a commission and that the bookmaker receives as a symbolic compensation for the organization and maintenance of the infrastructure that has made the game possible.

This margin is called overround in sports betting, and it is possible to calculate it in order to have an idea of what our total reward will be after having reduced the amount of the commission that is applied to all the bets.

What is the overround in sports betting


The overround is applied to every odd. There is no way to avoid it, but there is a way to calculate it in order to always take into account how it will affect the value of our bet. It must be taken into account that the bookmakers, besides being responsible for the maintenance of the entire infrastructure of the room, are the ones who are harmed when someone wins.

When a user places a bet, he actually plays against the bookmaker. Although it is the bookmaker that offers the entire repertoire of events, odds and methods, it is the one on the other side of the gaming table and the rival to be beaten by all those who make their predictions.

The overround allows to cushion the impact of these losses in case they occur. But it should not be taken as an element of revenge, but as a small fee paid to ensure the viability of the bookmaker. It is this sustainability that makes it possible to continue to keep bets active, despite the fact that a user wins and claims his prize.

While there is nothing that can be done to avoid the overround, it can be calculated to check to what extent an odd is as good as it seems. In essence, the overround is the sum of the odds, but in reverse.

The calculations are very simple: you only need to calculate the percentage of each odd. If, for example, in a match the home win is paid at 1.5 €, the draw at 4 € and the away win at 8 €, the calculations would be made as follows:

  • 100 / 1.5 = 66.66 % odds.
  • 100 / 4 = 25 % chance.
  • 100 / 8 = 12.5 % odds.

Now that we know the probabilities for each outcome, we add them all up. In this case, 66.66 + 25 + 12.5 = 104.16 %.

Normally, when you add up the percentages, you get a value greater than 100. Anything over 100 is the overround, i.e. what the bookmaker takes. In this case, the overround would be 4.16%.

The closer the value is to 100, the higher the payout (the money that is distributed among the winning bets) and, therefore, the more beneficial for the users. So, yes, we are looking at good odds.

If the excess of 100 is too large, it means that the odds are actually not as beneficial as they may seem. High overround margins betray an unattractive odd.

The influence of the overround on betting


Although the overround of a bookmaker must always be taken into account, it is a percentage that carries a lot of weight when it comes to forecasting, because it is this margin that causes differences in odds between bookmakers. Here it is the user's responsibility to check which bookmakers have the best odds and the lowest overround.

As always, diversification is the best way to ensure success, and being part of the community of several bookmakers is the best way to look for success. It is a good idea, especially to compare odds between bookies, something interesting if you are always looking for the tightest overround so as not to expose yourself to odds with wide margins.

Any newcomer to sports betting should start training to go beyond the odds figure. It is necessary to calculate the overround to determine how profitable it can be to make a prediction on an event with that odd, analyzing the value and the odds that each bookmaker gives.

It is also important to take into account the possible outcomes. The greater the number of options, the higher the uncertainty, the more risk the bookmaker assumes and the more it seeks to protect itself. How? By reducing the margin of the prizes and raising the amount of the odds. With these odds, very high risks are taken, to which users rarely want to commit themselves.

This is also influenced by the popularity of the competition. The more popular it is, the lower the overround to offer competitive odds, as the aim is to broaden the pool of betting users. In the minority sports that not all bookies offer, there is a tendency to raise the overround and bookmakers tend to do so.

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